The act of maintaining an organism’s temperature within certain normal boundaries. This can be achieved, for instance, by shivering to create heat or sweating to lose heat.
- Theta activity
EEG activity with a frequency of 4–7 Hz or cycles per second.
- Tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN)
An area of the hypothalamus that contains neurons that release histamine. This neurotransmitter stimulates arousal.
- Ventrolateral preoptic area (VLPO)
An area of the brain in the hypothalamus that plays a key role in promoting sleep by inhibiting the brain’s primary arousal centers, such as the Tuberomammillary Nucleus (TMN).